Urology is a medical specialty that specifically addresses diseases of the urinary tract as well as the male reproductive organs. Although urology is a surgical specialty, in-depth knowledge of various disciplines including internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and other specialties is required because of the wide range of clinical problems encountered.
Renal insufficiency or problems with the kidneys has involved urologists and has been driven by an enormous increase in the number of patients on dialysis and those who require a kidney transplant. In fact, urologists are the primary surgical arm for kidney transplants and this practice has increased the experience of urologists in vascular surgery. This has been proven especially effective in vascular micro-vascular procedures performed in cases of impotence.
Urologists also address urinary tract infections; a pervasive condition that affects every age group and is found in both genders. While urinary tract infection may be relatively obvious and straightforward, it may also indicate other disorders of the urinary tract such as ureter obstructions.
Some urologic problems seen mostly in women such as urinary incontinence, cystitis, and diverticulitis can be diagnosed from an examination by an urologist. The diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence and other conditions constitute a large portion of many urology practices. Both surgical and non-surgical therapies are being constantly developed.
Male infertility has generally been focused on surgical correction of various obstructions within the genital system. Improvements in the management of infertility require a high level of expertise not only in urology, but also in the area of reproductive physiology.
Urology is an important aspect of the medical realm and these doctors have advanced training and expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases concerning the reproductive and urinary systems. Showing symptoms such as incontinence or erectile dysfunction may require a consultation with one of these medical experts.